Jawbreaker was an American punk rock band active from 1986 to 1996 and considered one of the most influential acts of the early-1990semo movement. Lead vocalist and guitarist Blake Schwarzenbach, bassist Chris Bauermeister, and drummer Adam Pfahler formed the band while students at New York University, later relocating to Los Angeles where they released their debut album Unfun (1990) throughindependent record label Shredder Records. Relocating again to San Francisco the following year, they released 1992’s Bivouac through the Tupelo Recording Company and The Communion Label. Schwarzenbach’s charisma and personal, frustrated lyrics helped to establish him as a cult idol, even as he underwent surgery to remove painful and voice-threatening polyps from his throat. Jawbreaker toured with Nirvana in 1993 and released 24 Hour Revenge Therapy in 1994, attracting the attention of major labels. They signed a one million-dollar contract withDGC Records and released 1995’s Dear You, but the album’s polished production and smooth vocals resulted in a significant backlash from the band’s core audience. Internal tensions led to Jawbreaker’s dissolution in 1996.