I have watched this three times already and am still thoroughly confused. It’s really quite interesting how all these countries have countries within countries. And even countries within countries within countries. Some borders literally cut through people’s houses and the factor that determines their citizenship is the location of their front door. Seriously.
I find the India and Bangladesh situation in Cooch Behar to be the most fascinating though. There’s just tiny little pockets where people are completely isolated in these areas, and because they don’t have open borders, they are basically stuck where they are.
From the WonderWhy YouTube channel:
In this video I look at some of the most complex international border. Of course, there are more complex borders in the world, but this video looks at some of my favourites.
I look at the 3 enclaves countries of the world: Vatican City, San Marino and Lesotho. As well as Campione d’Italia, an Italian exclave which is an enclave of Switzerland.
I then take things up a notch and look at enclaves within enclaves. The town of Baarle which is in the Netherlands and Belgium is an incredibly complicated border. But not quite as much as the Cooch Behar region of India and Bangladesh.
This is followed by a look at the odd situation of Bir Tawil, the only unclaimed land on Earth outside of Antarctica (which is itself a place for complex borders!)
I finish off the video by looking at the island of Cyprus, which may look like a borderless island, but is in fact far from it!