Deep in the ocean where little to no sunlight exists, many parts remain unexplored. Strange creatures lurk in the dark waters as they have adapted to their surroundings over time. Their behaviors are unimaginable or bizarre compared to the more common ocean animals we know of today.
YouTuber Matthew Santoro has created a fascinating compilation of strange deep sea creatures that were discovered.
Kicking off the video is the goblin shark. Often referred to as a “living fossil,” it is similar to fossils of Mitsukurinidae, which are estimated to be 125 million years old. Their jaw can protrude from the rest of their body, giving it the goblin shark shape (watch the goblin shark in action protruding and retracting its jaw).
Similar in structure as an octopus or squid (cephalopod), the vampire squid is a deep sea creature (that’s also a living fossil), found in the part of the ocean that is called the Oxygen Minimum Zone. It’s the part of the ocean where oxygen is almost depleted. Since that part of the ocean is very dark, the vampire squid’s huge eye allows it to see in the dark. And that far down in the ocean, the vampire squid has a few defense mechanism to protect itself from predators. One method is to turn itself inside out or use its bioluminescence to confuse them. (Video 1, Video 2)
The atolla jellyfish is a deep red, 22 tentacle jellyfish that is bioluminescent. To protect itself from being attacked, it will start flashing to draw predators more interested in its attackers. To see it in action, check out this video.
If you’re curious to learn more about these ocean animals, be sure to check out the links and videos below.
- Ocean Sunfish, Video 1, Video 2
- Black Swallower
- Giant Isopod, Video
- Anglerfish, Video
- Viperfish, Video
- Carpet Shark, Subgroup Wobbegong, Video 1, Video 2, Video 3
Source: Matthew Santoro